Visualisations

The software also provides additional visualisations of different atmospheric parameters, such as geostrophic wind and precipitable water. These visualisations can be found in the Backend, Wind, Moist classes. In this particular tutorial, we will initialise with the Wind class, as it also inherits the other classes we are interested in:

# Initialise the Wind class.
state = amsimp.Wind()

Longitude - Latitude Contour Plots

The default altitude at which these longitude - latitude contour plots are generated is at a pressure surface of 1000 hectopascals, however, a particular pressure surface, in hectopascals, can be specified the majority of the time by doing the following:

# Specify a particular pressure surface, in hectopascals.
state.method(psurface=500)
# Pressire Surface (hPa) ^

Atmospheric Density

The atmospheric density is the mass of the atmosphere per unit volume.

# amsimp.Backend
# Generate a longitude - latitude contour plot for atmospheric density
# based on current atmospheric conditions.
state.longitude_contourf('density', psurface=1000)
https://github.com/amsimp/papers/raw/master/scifest-online/project-book/Graphs/contour_plots/density.png

Geopotential Height

Geopotential Height is the height above sea level of a pressure level. For example, if a station reports that the 500 hPa height at its location is 5600 m, it means that the level of the atmosphere over that station at which the atmospheric pressure is 500 hPa is 5600 meters above sea level.

# amsimp.Backend
# Generate a longitude - latitude contour plot for geopotential height
# based on current atmospheric conditions.
state.longitude_contourf('geopotential_height', psurface=1000)
https://github.com/amsimp/papers/raw/master/scifest-online/project-book/Graphs/contour_plots/height.png

Precipitable Water

Precipitable water is the total atmospheric water vapor contained in a vertical column of unit cross-sectional area extending between any two specified levels.

# amsimp.Water
# Generate a longitude - latitude contour plot for precipitable water
# based on current atmospheric conditions.
state.longitude_contourf('precipitable_water')
https://github.com/amsimp/papers/raw/master/scifest-online/project-book/Graphs/contour_plots/precipitable_water.png

Relative Humidity

Relative Humidity is the amount of water vapour present in air expressed as a percentage of the amount needed for saturation at the same temperature.

# amsimp.Backend
# Generate a longitude - latitude contour plot for relative humidity
# based on current atmospheric conditions.
state.longitude_contourf('relative_humidity', psurface=1000)
https://github.com/amsimp/papers/raw/master/scifest-online/project-book/Graphs/contour_plots/humidity.png

Latitude - Pressure Contour Plots

Temperature

Temperature is defined as the mean kinetic energy density of molecular motion.

# amsimp.Backend
# Generate a latitude - pressure contour plot for temperature
# based on current atmospheric conditions.
state.psurface_contourf('temperature')
https://github.com/amsimp/papers/raw/master/scifest-online/project-book/Graphs/contour_plots/temp.png